Human Dignity and Public Security
About the Programme Line
All persons shall be treated with humanity and respect for the inherent dignity of the human person. The Programme Line “Human Dignity and Public Security” is specialised in the protection of human rights in the criminal justice system. It provides research-based support in order to strengthen the human rights of persons deprived of liberty, suspects and accused of crime, as well as victims, including victims of trafficking. Moreover, it hosts research on human rights of children.
Freedom from torture is universally recognised as an absolute and non-derogable right. Nevertheless, torture and ill-treatment remain a problem in the majority of states worldwide. Our programme line carries out extensive research on the effectiveness of torture prevention measures and mechanisms. Our current work addresses the following aspects:
- Procedural rights of suspects and accused in criminal procedures as crucial safeguards for the prevention of torture and ill-treatment, the right to liberty and security as well as the right to a fair trial
- The rights of persons deprived of liberty across different places of detention (e.g. police custody, pre-trial detention, prisons and other facilities) with special attention to individuals in a situation of heightened vulnerability, e.g. persons with intellectual and psychosocial disabilities and children
- The role of oversight mechanisms in the prevention of torture and ill-treatment and the implementation of international human rights obligations (e.g. National Preventive Mechanisms established under the OPCAT and National Human Rights Institutions) as well as other measures to prevent torture and ill-treatment
Additionally, our programme line covers trafficking in human beings as a phenomenon inextricably linked to the exploitation of a person. We emphasize a victim-centered approach that focuses on the human rights of victims of trafficking and on the corresponding obligations of governments to prevent, toprotect and to ensure independent monitoring.
Finally, international standards recognize children as distinct bearers of human rights. We engage in child-participatory research in various child rights fields, including the effectiveness of child-friendly justice mechanisms and child protection systems at national and international level.
Based on the idea of ‘translational research’, we are committed to transform the results of our research into direct impact on the ground, thereby contributing to a concrete improvement of human rights in societies. To this extent, we continously make use of our expertise to provide evidence-based advice and support to human rights actors. Thus, we have worked with state actors, oversight mechanisms, as well as civil society actors in numerous countries worldwide, including in the framework of the EU twinning instrument to support state capacity building in (potential) candidate countries through EU-funded partnerships.
Following this approach, our programme line’s activities include research, consultancies, and capacity building and trainings.
Goals and Achievements
Our programme line was established in 2004 to support Manfred Nowak’s mandate as UN Special Rapporteur on Torture (2004-2010), investigating the situation of torture and ill-treatment worldwide. Since then our Programme Line expanded its focus areas and has successfully implemented numerous projects.
Among the main research achievements ranks the publication of a comprehensive legal commentary to the UN Convention against Torture (CAT) and its Optional Protocol (OPCAT) revised in 2019 and published with Oxford University Press. Another accomplishment was the publication of the first international legal commentary on the CoE Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings published by Edward Elgar Publishing, in December 2020.
- Assistance to Commissions 3 and 4 of the Ombudsmen Board
- Atlas of Torture: An Information and Cooperation Platform to Fight Torture and Ill-Treatment World-wide
- CARES: Child-centered and Accessible crisis-Response for an Effective protection System
- FLIGHTRISK: Assessing the risk of the flight during pre-trial detention
- Focus area Trafficking in Human beings – research cooperation with the Principality of Liechtenstein
- FORMA (forced marriages) – Stock-taking for effective policies against forced marriages in Austria
- From law to practice: Strengthening procedural rights in police custody (ProRPC)
- JUSTICE FOR ALL: Enhancing the Rights of Defendants and Detainees with Intellectual and/or Psychosocial Disabilities. EU Cross-Border Transfers, Detention and Alternatives
- Personal liberty of children in Austria revisited: Achieving impact through comprehensive national follow-up to the UN Global Study on Children deprived of Liberty